Peru Vacations: Cusco Peru Vacations
Cuzco, Archaeological Capital of America was the main city of the Empire of the Tahuantinsuyo, being considered by the Incas like the “Navel of the World”. Today it is the first tourist center of Peru and has been proclaimed by UNESCO like Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity.
Area or Surface: 71,892 km2.
Main Resources: corn, barley, quinua, tea and coffee.
Population: 1,097,000 inhabitants. The capital is Cuzco and has approximately 300,000 inhabitants.
Number of Provinces and Districts: 13 provinces and 107 districts.
Date of Department Foundation: April 26, 1822.
Weather: The rainy season runs from May to September.
The notoriety of archaeological Cuzco goes beyond the Inca Age, since Cuzqueña Culture began at least 1000 years before Christ, when the Marcavalle Culture was effective. From There Chamepata began. The history of the contemporary culture of Pucara in Puno was lost until the Wari’s conquered the zone, including it in the Wari’s Empire. After Wari, the region with its potential and grew, first with the Killke Culture and the Inca later. From the Period Wari the City of Pikillacta, and Killke times comes the own Sacsayhuaman and the foundations of the City of Cuzco.
In the past, Cusco represented the center of Inca civilization. It was the capital of the Andean state of Tahuantinsuyo. According to legend, it was founded by Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo between the 11th and 12th centuries. Later by order of Spaniard Francisco Pizarro, this city was founded again in March 23, 1534.
Cuzco is one of the most extensive departments of Peru. It has strong resistances of landscape where high mountain alignments are combined with expanded and plateaus of smooth relief, as well as deep valleys and cannon.
Like in all Andean regions, the main rivers have formed deep valleys and cannon. The most notable valleys and cannon are those formed by the Urubamba, Apurimac and Paucartambo Rivers.
The Valley of the Urubamba presents heavy stuffed alluvial in its floor where a dense population is based dedicated to agriculture. Below the 2.000 ms, the Urubamba it has formed a deep and narrow cannon that towards the neighborhoods of Machu Picchu, reaches its greater majesty and beauty, presenting a rare meander landscape. Due to the great diversity of altitudinales floors, the department has a great variety of climates and landscapes which powerfully influences in the agriculture and the distribution of the population.
Everything in Cuzco is beauty because it locks up all the history of Peru, from its foundation to the retirement of the Spaniards. In the environs are important archaeological monuments like the Strength of Sacsayhuaman, Kenko, the Baths of TamboMachay, the platforms of Pisac, Ollantaytambo Fortress and the incomparable constructions of MachuPicchu, in the margin of the Urubamba River that was discovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911, today well-known like the “Capital of America” or “Eternal City”.
The most important tourist center of Peru is the great museums and churches has made of Cuzco. The “Ways of the Inca” that were used by Peruvians to arrive at the citadel MachuPicchu to offer the possibility of finding with much Inca constructions that combined with the nature to gives an integral vision of the importance that had MachuPicchu.
THE CATHEDRAL: Cusco was originally built inside the Inca structure of the Suntur Wasi (currently the Church of El Triunfo). Years later, the Cathedral was ordered to be rebuilt in the Kiswarcancha (Palace of Inca Wiracocha).
THE CHURCH AND CONVENT OF SANTO DOMINGO: Without doubt, it is one of the most beautiful samples of the Spanish architectonic superimposed on the inca constructions. This church was raised on the Coricancha or Templo of the Sun.
LA COMPAÑIA DE JESUS: or Jesuit Cathedral, it is a splendid stone building housing, amongst other treasures, a collection of unique paintings. It was built over what was formerly the Amaru Cancha (“Fence of the Serpent”) close to Cusco’s main square.
THE CHURCH AND CONVENT OF LA MERCED: built in 1536, it is famous as the home of the shrine of Our Lady of La Merced, decorated with gold and precious stones.
MACHUPICCHU: Discovered by Hiram Bingham in 1911, it is in the province of Urubamba, near the valley of Collpani to 2.330 m.s.n.m. and it is surrounded by exuberant vegetation, adorned by the most diverse and colorful orchids. Some students think that it was a fortress; others, however, consider that citadel was a monastery. Of which there is no doubt, it is the skill of the Inca architects who built it.
The access to Machu Picchu, declared Cultural Patrimony of the Humanity, you must take approximately three hours in train and soon 20 minutes in bus or if you are a lover of the long walks can do it on foot, crossing during four days an old Way Inca who leads to citadel.
SACSAYHUAMAN: Archaeological park, it has an extension
of 3.000 hectares. By its characteristics, this fortress – sanctuary, located to two kilometers to the north of the Cuzco, is considered only in the world.
OLLANTAYTAMBO: Archaeological Park to 97 kilometers of the city of Cuzco. During the Inca time it was administrative center, social, religious and agricultural. Ollantaytambo is one of the attractiveness that when is crossing the denominated Sacred Valley of the Incas – in the shores of the river Urubamba or Wilcamayu- a corner of walks of particular beauty clarified by pre-Hispanic rest.
THE SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS: It is formed by the towns of Pisaq (32 kilometers of the Cusco), where it exists a pre-Columbian slums; Granary (50 kilometers of the Cusco), famous by the medicinal thermal-medicinal of Machacancha (sulfurous thermal waters), Yucay where it is appraised the skill and the advance of the Incas in the referred thing to agricultural engineering; and Urubamba, the heart of the valley and ideal for the adventure tourism.
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