Peru Vacations: Lima Peru Vacations
Nowadays, Lima, as any metropolis of the orb, offers to the tourist a great variety of attractions and the comforts that the traveler looks for. Its 500 years of life have left the most important vestiges of its rich history.
|Lima Basic Facts||History||Geography||Tourism|
|Churches and Convents||Historical Houses||Squares and Parks||Museums|
Area or Surface: 34,802 km².
Main Resources: cotton, corn, sugar cane, fruit trees. It is the first industrial center in the country.
Population: 6 ‘ 732, 000 habitants. Lima the capital, has 340,422 habitants.
Number of Provinces and Districts: 10 provinces and 171 districts.
Date of Foundation: As department, on August 4 of 1,821.
Typical Foods: Carapulcra limeña, Cau Cau, anticuchos, arroz con conchas, Mazamorra morada and arroz con leche.
Lima was founded On January 18, 1,535 by the conqueror Francisco Pizarro. Before being the capital of the Virreynato of Peru, it was a pre-Hispanic first class religious place of worship. During the Colony period, Lima reached its major brilliance in the XVII th. century in the one that the material progress, the construction of big houses and palaces, It joins the luxury of the nobility and the wealth of which its habitants were showing, to the being the richest of all the colonies.
During the Independence period, Lima gave to the Nation great quantity of illustrious patriots who contributed their blood and their talent to the struggle for the freedom, as for example, Don Paul de Olavide, Jose Baquíjano y Carrillo, Jose Olaya and Jose Bernardo Alcedo, author of the National Anthem.
Lima presents several rapid rivers, between that they emphasize the Huaura, Pativilca, Chillon, Cañete and Rímac, the last with a course of 160 kms, formed by the union of Santa Eulalia river surrounds Chosica town. This department possess in its littoral valuable number of islands, and reefs. The San Lorenzo Island is the biggest and extensive of the Islands in the Pacífic Ocean of Peru. Numerous islands as those of Pachacamac, Asia and The Fronton, constitute also valuable deposits of guano.
The littoral of Lima is clouded almost during the whole year, in a band that includes even 15 mts. of the beaches, depriving it of the solar radiation. The Sun appears in the spring term and in summer, the increase of the heat coincides with the rise of the rivers because of the Andean rains. In the winter, the intense humidity produces the vegetation called “Lomas”.
The department sea´s possesses some very beautiful bays and adapted for ports as those of Cerro Azul, Chancay and Huacho. Besides, it has an icthyological admirable wealth, which is different from those Seas from the North and from the South. Finally, Lima has in its Andean zone a great variety of minerals, as the copper, the silver, calcium and salt.
From Casapalca to San Mateo mines contain silver and copper; while the coal-bearing zone of the central geol, comes up to Oyón, to 100 km of distance from the sea.
Lima, named in the Colonial period like the ‘ City of the Kings ‘ for the Spanish , is today the first industrial and financial center of Peru.
Nowadays, Lima, as any metropolis of the orb, offers to the tourist a great variety of attractions and the comforts that the traveler looks for. Lima has varieties of wealth like beautiful Natural Spas, varied peruvian food, diverse spectacles that one finds in the city of the kings.
The religious faith, whose maximum expression expresses to itself in throughout the world known procession of El Señor de los Milagros or Cristo Morado de Pachacamilla (October). Equal tradition they have the bullfights in Acho’s Plaza and the holidays(parties) of Santa Rosa de Lima (August).
The Lima Peru city has numerous centers of attraction: museums as the Archaeological Anthropological, the Golden museum; museums of site in Pachacamac and Puruchuco; churches and colonial houses as San Francisco, La Merced and the Palace of Torre Tagle; archaeological ruins like Pachacamac, Cajamarquilla, The Paradise and Chilca; scenic landscapes like the Cannon of Infiernillo, the Cannon of Chillon and Cannon of Rio Cañete; the medicinal thermal baths waters of Churín and numerous beaches inside Metropolitan Lima.
LIMA CATHEDRAL: It is located in the Main Squeare and it began to be constructed the same day of the foundation of the city, January 18, 1535. Originally, it was a modest temple, but in 1564 the architec Jerónimo de Loayza, designed a temple of big dimensions, similar to the Cathedral of Seville. In the interior stands out the chairs of the choir, the overdecorated chapel of the Inmaculate Conception and the Christ of Marfil donated by Carlos V, king of Spain. There is found also Francisco Pizarro’s remains.
SANTO DOMINGO CHURCH: It is the most ancient convent and for its architectural characteristics it is one of the most harmonic places of the city. It is shaped by a succession of cloisters and courts around which there are distributed areas of service and community stays. To the right of its major altar, there are the remains of Santa Rosa of Lima, St Martin of Porres and of the Beato Juan Masías.
CHURCH AND CONVENT OF SAN FRANCISCO: Because of its magnificent unit of volume and color, this architectural set is considered to be the most successful monumental environment of Spanish America. Its construction began in 1542 and concluded in 1674. The convent, the cloisters and the entrance hall are adorned of Sevillian tiles and, under them, there exist underground galleries or catacombs that in the virreynal period, served as cemetery.
CASA ALIAGA (HOUSE OF ALIAGA): This mansion was built over the private temple of the native chief Taulischusco, leading authority of the Rimac Valley during Inca period. The house belonged to Jeronimo de Aliaga who was given the land by Francisco Pizarro. Almost uniquely in both Peru and Latin America, the house continues to be occupied by descendants of the conquistador now a days.
CASA DE PILATOS (HOUSE OF PILATE): One of the most ancient of Lima. It was constructed in 1590 by the Jesuit Luis Portillo. The hpuse owes its name due to its similarity with the Casa de Pilatos in Seville, Spain.
CASA GOYENECHEO RADA (HOUSE OF GOYENECHEO RADA): This is one of the first houses of Lima which shows the French influence, of the half of XVIIIth century. At the present, preserves its traditional composition, emphasizing its balconies and its doors, which are typical of its period and origin.
THE GOVERNMENT (OR PRESIDENTIAL) PALACE: Placed in the Main Squeare (Plaza de Armas), it possesses elegant lounges, besides valuable paintings. It is known also by the name of Pizarro’s House, because it was constructed in the place chosen by the conqueror, to build the place of his administration.
PLAZA MAYOR (MAIN SQUARE): Lima’s Plaza Mayor is the “heart” of the city, lively and Creole to the core, a “heart” which started to beat the very day the city was founded. More beautiful than ever due to its recent renovation, its bronze fountain stands out; with its statue of the Angel of Fame holding a clarion in its left hand and its right a flag bearing both Lima’s and the Crown’s coat of arms.
Heart of the city that began to beat. the same day of its foundation. Emphasizing the fountain of bronze, crowned by a statue of the Ángel of The Reputation, who takes a bugle in the left hand and, in the right, a flag with the weapon of the city and of the King.
PLAZA SAN MARTIN (SAN MARTIN’S SQUARE): It was inaugurated in 1921 by the Centenary of the Independence of Peru. The monument of bronze in honor to the generalissimo don Jose of St Martin, is a work of the Catalan sculptor don Mariano Benlluire. In its top part(report), it(he,she) represents the liberator promoting the Andes, mounted in his horse. The figure rests on a pedestal of granite in the shape of truncated pyramid, with a staggered basement.
PARQUE UNIVERSITARIO (UNIVERSITY PARK): The history dates back on 1870, when there were demolished the colonial walls that were surrounding the city of Lima and 20,000 meters were destined for the construction of a small square. In 1921 was arranged the local pavement of the place and the German colony, for the centenary of the independence of Peru, ordered(arranged) to build a clock tower of 30 meters of height, which at 12 of the day touches the notes of the National Anthem.
PANTANOS DE VILLA (VILLA SWAMPS): Ecological Metropolitan Park located in Chorrillos’s district, to 30 minutes away from the downtown. The marshes have more than 2,000 hectares and constitute a space of refuge and rest for the birds, in their natural process of migration.
placed inside of a unique virreynal mansion in its kind and that dates back to the 18th century, which is also constructed on a pre-Columbian pyramid of the 7th century. Presents the finest collection of gold and silver of the ancient Peru, as well as the famous collection of erotic art, one of the tourist attractions more visited in Peru.
NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY AND HISTORY MUSEUM: Peruvian Civilization of the prehistoric period. Considered the most complete and significant museum in Peru. The collection includes furniture, paintings and gowns.
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